Vishnu’s Oneness

Hari Replies

Hṛṣīkeśa is the most essential object of worship. After he was honorably glorified, the learned and wise Dakṣa again began the ceremonial worship Rudra had ruined.

The All-Attractive is the soul of everyone, and thus the enjoyer of everyone’s portions, but he seemed to be pleased by receiving his own portion of worship in the ceremony, and pleasantly addressed Dakṣa.

“There is no difference between me and Brahmā, or Śiva,” Viṣṇu said. “We are the ultimate cause of the world, oversee its existence, and yet are independent from it because we are self-mastered and self-seeing.”

“But the supreme must be one entity,” Dakṣa would protest. “Not three!”

So the All-Attractive explained. “I put my own power into this world of external qualities, which becomes known in three different ways as it emanates, protects, and withdraws the cosmos. This power is the non-dual Brahman in the singular supreme soul, Paramātma. Only a fool sees Brahmā, Rudra, or any creature, to be different from it.

“Therefore, a person who truly considers me supreme never makes divisions among creatures; no more than anyone would think there is a different person in the head, hands, and limbs of his own body.

“The three of us – myself, Brahmā, and Rudra – are one beings. Please do not see us with divided vision. One who sees Brahman as the essence of all creatures achieves true peace.”

Conclusion of the Ceremony

After the leader of the Progenitors was educated by Hari, he properly worshipped each of the individual gods. He particularly offered Rudra his own ceremonial portion with great care. When the ceremony was complete he offered soma nectar to everyone else who had attended. Then, with the ceremony’s officiates, he took the concluding bath.

His own realizations from the worship certainly enlightened him. And the thirty gods blessed him, dharma eva matim [“May your mind be most ethical”], before returning to the heavens.


It is said that when Dakṣa’s daughter Satī abandoned her previous body she was born from Menā, the wife of Himavata, father of the Himalaya Mountains, and became known as Ambikā. She immediately resumed her singular and undivided love, and again married her former husband – just as dormant śakti always gravitates towards the Supreme Person.

Conclusion of the Tale

Concluding the tale of All-Attractive Śambhu’s ruination of Dakṣa’s ceremony, Maitreya told Vidura, “I heard all this from Uddhava, the blessed devotee and student of Bṛhaspati. Anyone who carefully hears this supremely purifying description of God’s adventures and retells it in a devotional spirit is washed of all impurity, freed from all bad habbits, and blessed with long life and good fame.”

— Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 4.7.48 ~ 61 [end]

Vraja Kishor dās

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