Bhagavad Gītā, Key Verses from Chapter Two


na tv evāhaḿ jātu nāsaḿ, na tvaḿ neme janādhipāḥ
na caiva na bhaviṣyāmaḥ, sarve vayam ataḥ param

But there certainly was never a time that I did not exist
nor you
nor all these people

Nor will there ever be.
for any of us,
now and forever.

[but everyone is always dying…]

dehino ‘smin yathā dehe, kaumāraḿ yauvanaḿ jarā
tathā dehāntara-prāptir, dhīras tatra na muhyati

The person in this body
Passes childhood,
And old age

In the same way, they attain a new situation
when the body reaches its end.

This does not confuse the wise.

[bodies are always dying, but the beings within the bodes never die.]

na jāyate mriyate vā kadācin
nāyaḿ bhūtvā bhavitā vā na bhūyaḥ
ajo nityaḥ śāśvato ‘yaḿ purāṇo
na hanyate hanyamāne śarīre

Never born, and never dying
It did not come to be,
Did not come to be
And will not come to be.
It always is,

Unborn, undecaying,
and ancient.

It does not die when its body dies.



karmaṇy evādhikāras te, mā phaleṣu kadācana
mā karma-phala-hetur bhūr, mā te sańgo ‘stv akarmaṇi

You are capable of making efforts,
but never capable of creating results

So don’t try to create results by your efforts
and don’t give up those efforts either.

[Then how should efforts be done?…]

yoga-sthaḥ kuru karmāṇi, sańgaḿ tyaktvā dhanañjaya
siddhy-asiddhyoḥ samo bhūtvā, samatvaḿ yoga ucyate

Make your efforts in a spiritual state of mind,
without being attached to them.
Success or failure will be the same
this equanimity is called “yoga.”


prajahāti yadā kāmān, sarvān pārtha mano-gatān
ātmany evātmanā tuṣṭaḥ, sthita-prajñas tadocyate

When you give up all the desires your mind dreams up
And find true satisfaction by yourself, in yourself,
Then your wisdom is strong.

viṣayā vinivartante, nirāhārasya dehinaḥ
rasa-varjaḿ raso ‘py asya, paraḿ dṛṣṭvā nivartate

You can forcefully try to stop yourself from enjoying sense objects
But you will not be able to give up your taste for them
Until you have experienced something better.

– Vraja Kishor


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