Brahmā Jī explained the contents of the universe to Nārada: First of all there is jīva – life force, conscious will. Then there is sva-bhāva – the psychological nature of consciousness, with particular inclinations and desires. This sets kāla in motion – time, the underlying matrix upon which activity (karma) can proceed. From activity, various treasure objects (dravya) are obtained.
These five are the essential principles of the universe, and all of them are directly the energy of Hari.