Who is Balarama?

Balarama – cc adi 5

sarva-avatārī kṛṣṇa svayaḿ bhagavān

 

tāńhāra dvitīya deha śrī-balarāma 4

 

Kṛṣṇa is the source of all incarnations, selfsame Godhead.

His second body is Śrī Balarāma.

eka-i svarūpa dońhe, bhinna-mātra kāya

 

ādya kāya-vyūha, kṛṣṇa-līlāra sahāya 5

The two are one being,  separated

 

Balaram assits Kṛṣṇa’s play as the original source of expansions

sańkarṣaṇaḥ kāraṇa-toya-śāyī

 

garbhoda-śāyī ca payobdhi-śāyī

 

śeṣaś ca yasyāḿśa-kalāḥ sa nityā-

 

nandākhya-rāmaḥ śaraṇaḿ mamāstu 7

 

Sankarshana; Vishnu lying on the causal ocean;

 

Vishnu lying on the universal ocean; Vishnu lying on the milk ocean; Shesha… these are the portions and parts of Nityananda Balarama

 

To whom I surrender.

śrī-balarāma gosāñi mūla-sańkarṣaṇa

 

pañca-rūpa dhari’ karena kṛṣṇera sevana 8

 

Balarama Goswāmī is the original Sankarshan

 

He takes five forms to serve Kṛṣṇa.

āpane karena kṛṣṇa-līlāra sahāya

 

sṛṣṭi-līlā-kārya kare dhari’ cāri kāya 9

 

He himself assists Kṛṣṇa’s play

 

In four other forms he assists the play of creation.

sṛṣṭy-ādika sevā, — tāńra ājñāra pālana

 

‘śeṣa’-rūpe kare kṛṣṇera vividha sevana 10

Three of those forms carry out Kṛṣṇa’s orders to create.

The fourth, Shesha, renders various other personal services in the creation.

tāńhā ye rāmera rūpa — mahā-sańkarṣaṇa

 

cic-chakti-āśraya tińho, kāraṇera kāraṇa 42

 

Balarama, named Maha Sankarshana,

 

Is the shelter / origin of spiritual energy (cit-shakti). He is therefore the cause of all causes.

ṣaḍ-vidhaiśvarya tāńhā sakala cinmaya

 

sańkarṣaṇera vibhūti saba, jāniha niścaya 44

 

Six varieties of opulence, and everything spiritual,

 

Know for certain that it is all the power of Sankarshan / Balarama.

‘jīva’-nāma taṭasthākhya eka śakti haya

 

mahā-sańkarṣaṇa — saba jīvera āśraya 45

 

Living beings are an energy called “borderline spiritual.”

Maha-Sankarshan is the shelter / origin of all these living beings.

yāńhā haite viśvotpatti, yāńhāte pralaya

 

sei puruṣera sańkarṣaṇa samāśraya 46

The one from whom the universes come, and into whom they return…

Sanskarshan is the shelter/origin of that personality.

sarvāśraya, sarvādbhuta, aiśvarya apāra

 

‘ananta’ kahite nāre mahimā yāńhāra 47

He is the shelter of everything, the most amazing, and unsurpassable in power.
Even Ananta cannot speak fully of his greatness.
vṛṣāyamāṇau nardantau

 

yuyudhāte parasparam

 

anukṛtya rutair jantūḿś

 

ceratuḥ prākṛtau yathā 138

Playing like bulls, roaring

 

Fighting each other

 

Imitating the sounds of animals

 

They (Kṛṣṇa and Balarama) used to play like ordinary boys.

kvacit krīḍā-pariśrāntaḿ

 

gopotsańgopabarhaṇam

 

svayaḿ viśrāmayaty āryaḿ

 

pāda-saḿvāhanādibhiḥ 139

Sometimes, when tired from playing

 

Krishna would have Balaram lay his head on the lap of a cowheard boy

And personally massage the legs and feet of his elder brother.

 

 

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