When we are guided to see all the differently manifested living beings on one common platform, even when they are expanded in so many different ways, then we attain spiritual realization.
– Bhagavad Gita 13.31
All the acaryas’ commentaries answer one quesion: “what do you mean all the living beings are eka-stham, they are all one?”
Al the acaryas explain that eka-stham means that they all come from the same “place.” All living entities are fragments of Krsna-shakti. In this sense we all are one – we all have a common origin.
This is our oneness, which exists even in a liberated condition, but there is also a type of oneness that is material. In that sense eka-stham refers to pradhan – the prakriti or energy of Vishnu which causes the manifestation of the material world.
Vishnu generates the Pradhana, and then infuses it with jiva souls (similar to the conception of babies in a womb). This “womb” of the material universe is the “singularity” (eka-stham) scientists are referring to when they trace back the origin of the universe via empirical methods. All living entities enter into this one condition when they are destroyed. When the universe is periodically destroyed – all living entities enter into a singularity (eka-stham) and thus attain a oneness.
But this oneness also remains even when the universe is manifested and alive (vistaram). We all come from and return to the same “womb.”
We should try to see this (pashyati). But it is beyond the range of empirical senses to directly see, because the singularity is by definition beyond the range of empirical laws and definitions. Therefore Krsna does not say to “see it” (pashyati) he says to “be guided to see it.” (anupashyati). Our empirical senses must be extended past their normal operating range via the disciplines of yoga and shastra-svadhyaya (mental discipline and deep study of the scriptures left by persons who have gone beyond empirical limits).
When our vision is thus enhanced and we can see the oneness of all living beings, what happens? Brahma sampadyate tadaa – then you become spiritual.